Scoliosis is an irregular sideways curvature of the spinal column and is most often diagnosed in early childhood and adolescence. The spine’s normal curvature occurs at the cervical, lumbar, and thoracic regions, positioning the head over the pelvis and working as a shock absorber to distribute pressure during movement. With scoliosis, the spine rotates and develops a side-to-side curve, ranging from mild to severe. Treatment is usually centered around relieving symptoms, such as decreasing pain and improving function.
At NJ Spine & Orthopedic, we understand that each patient has a unique condition that requires a personalized treatment plan to fit their unique goals and symptoms. We are committed to providing a patient-centered approach to get you back to a quality of life that you can enjoy. Our award-winning medical team specializes in conservative and minimally invasive surgical procedures to promote faster recovery and reduced pain when healing.
Scoliosis affects six to nine million patients in the U.S. and is most often diagnosed during adolescence. Most cases are mild but may progress as a person grows older. Severe scoliosis can be disabling for individuals, reducing the space in the chest and impacting lung function.
Though scoliosis itself is painless, age-related degenerative changes may lead to discomfort. There are three common types of scoliosis diagnosis:
Idiopathic scoliosis means that there is no definite cause for the abnormal curvature of the spine, and it’s the most common type of scoliosis. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to minimize the long-term effects of this condition. With early intervention, it may be treated with conservative, non-invasive methods.
Congenital scoliosis develops before a child is born in one or more vertebrae along the spine. The malformations of the vertebrae cause curvature and other deformities because one area of the spinal column may lengthen slower than the rest of the spine.
Neuromuscular scoliosis is a subset condition of neurological or muscular diseases. These conditions include scoliosis associated with cerebral palsy, spinal cord trauma, spinal muscular atrophy, and spina bifida.
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Symptoms of scoliosis can vary between patients. However, 23% of patients with idiopathic scoliosis suffer from back pain at the time of initial diagnosis. Numerous symptoms may indicate scoliosis, including the following:
Other symptoms may accompany scoliosis, such as back pain stemming from arthritis, inability to stand erect, as well as leg pain or weakness may develop if there is pressure on the nerves in the lumbar spine.
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Scoliosis is initially confirmed through a physical examination and diagnostic testing, such as an X-ray, MRI, or CT scan. If scoliosis is diagnosed, there are several treatment options available, including:
Our board-certified spine specialists recommend conservative treatments before minimally invasive surgical treatment. We will carefully assess your health condition to determine the best treatment options that fit your goals and lifestyle. In circumstances where conservative treatments are not improving your condition, then we use minimally invasive spine surgery to ease your pain and help you get back to enjoying daily activities.
Many factors affect scoliosis treatment, and it is not a one size fits all condition. At NJ Spine & Orthopedic, we prioritize patient-centered care to build a treatment plan around your lifestyle and unique needs. Our award-winning spinal surgeons offer the latest in research, technology, and treatments for pain management and minimally invasive scoliosis surgery. We dedicate ourselves to helping you achieve the best possible results with the least invasive approach.
If you are suffering from scoliosis symptoms, schedule an appointment today by calling (866) 553-0612 or filling out our contact form.
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