Sciatica is a term that describes the symptoms of leg pain caused by the sciatic nerve, and is a type of pain experienced when your sciatic nerve is affected by another underlying condition of the spine. The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in your body, running from your back down each of your legs and to your feet.
Sciatica is a term for the pain caused by compression of the sciatic nerve, which is the largest nerve in your body. Sciatica is usually caused by an underlying condition at the spine. Compression of the nerve root results in pain on the sciatic nerve, or radiating pain in the back and/or legs on one side of your body. The sciatic nerve is connected to the spinal cord, which sends signals out to many muscles and other parts of your body. This can result in pain, tingling, numbness, and other problems associated with sciatica.
When to See a Doctor
Pain that radiates to one leg and not the other is usually a sign of sciatica. Other symptoms include pain when bending forward or backward. However, if the pain becomes so severe to the extent of causing immobility, you should see a doctor immediately.
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Pain is the primary symptom of sciatica, though the location and type of pain varies depending on the overlying condition you are suffering from.
Some people experience a dull ache in their lower back, while others have radiating pain through the buttocks and typically down one leg. Other types of pain include a sharp pain, pain that is described as electrical-feeling, or moderate leg cramping. Typically, the pain is more severe during certain movements, after coughing or sneezing, or while sitting still or standing for longer periods of time. Other symptoms include tingling or burning in the legs, muscle weakness and numbness.
The six most common spinal conditions that can cause sciatica are a herniated disc, degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, sacroiliac joint dysfunction and piriformis syndrome.
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The earlier you visit a doctor for diagnosis and treatment of sciatica, the better your results will be. Finding the source of the sciatic nerve pain is usually the first step in determining the proper treatment, as treating the underlying condition often resolves the pain. Conservative and non-surgical treatments such as pain medications, physical therapy or anti-inflammatory injections are typically successful for sciatica, but when these treatments do not eliminate your pain, surgery is often required.
Surgery is reserved for patients whose sciatica has caused three months or more of intense nerve pain or lack of mobility in the legs. The most typical surgical procedures for sciatic nerve pain based on condition type are a laminoforaminotomy or microdiscectomy. Both of these procedures are outpatient and minimally invasive, which means your pain is eliminated through a small incision, roughly 2 centimeters in length, to minimize risks.
The internationally recognized team of surgeons at NJ Spine and Orthopedic offer a broad range of minimally invasive treatments options to effectively treat sciatic nerve pain, regardless of your condition. Try our Candidacy Verification tool to find out if minimally invasive surgery can eliminate your pain.
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