Sacroiliac joint dysfunction, also known as SI joint pain, is a condition that affects the joint connecting the sacrum and iliac bones in the pelvis. This joint plays an important role in supporting the upper body’s weight and transferring it to the legs. When this joint is not functioning properly, it can cause significant pain and discomfort in the lower back, buttocks, and legs.
If you are experiencing sacroiliac joint dysfunction, you may feel overwhelmed about the steps you need to take next. That’s why NJ Spine & Orthopedic is here to help answer all of your questions and guide you through the treatment process.
The diagnosis of sacroiliac joint dysfunction can be challenging, as the symptoms can be similar to those of other conditions like herniated discs, sciatica, or hip problems. It is important to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and expert advice on treatment options.
The first step in diagnosing sacroiliac joint dysfunction is a physical examination by a doctor. The healthcare professional may apply pressure to the affected area during the exam to assess for tenderness or pain. They may also perform specific movements to evaluate the joint’s range of motion and stability. Imaging studies such as X-rays, MRI, or CT scans may be ordered to rule out other potential causes of the symptoms. In some cases, a diagnostic injection may be recommended, in which a local anesthetic is injected into the joint to confirm whether it is the source of the pain.
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The sacroiliac joint is a weight-bearing joint that can become stressed or strained due to trauma, repetitive motion, or age-related wear and tear. Common causes of sacroiliac joint dysfunction include:
In rare cases, an infection in the sacroiliac joint can lead to pain and dysfunction. Consult a specialist for a specialized diagnosis of your condition.
Some factors may increase the risk of developing sacroiliac joint dysfunction, including:
There are various other ways that one may develop sacroiliac joint dysfunction, so it’s important to pay attention to any symptoms you may experience.
The symptoms of sacroiliac joint dysfunction can vary from person to person, depending on the severity of the condition. The most common symptoms include:
Talk to your doctor if you’re experiencing any of the symptoms.
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The treatment for sacroiliac joint dysfunction depends on the severity of the symptoms and the underlying cause. The goal of treatment is to reduce pain and improve function. Your doctor may suggest the following treatment depending on your specific needs:
Physical therapy can be an effective treatment option for sacroiliac joint dysfunction. A physical therapist can develop an exercise program that focuses on strengthening the muscles that support the joint and improving the range of motion. They may also use manual techniques to improve joint mobility.
Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can be helpful in reducing pain and inflammation. Sometimes, prescription medications like muscle relaxants may be necessary. Injections of corticosteroids or anesthetics directly into the joint can relieve short-term pain as well.
Radiofrequency ablation is a procedure that involves using heat to destroy the nerve fibers that transmit pain signals from the joint. It can provide long-lasting pain relief for some patients.
Chiropractic care can benefit some patients with sacroiliac joint dysfunction. A chiropractor can manually adjust the joint and surrounding muscles to improve mobility and reduce pain.
Surgery is usually only considered in severe cases where other treatments have failed. The most common surgical option is the fusion of the sacroiliac joint, which is permanently fused to prevent movement and reduce pain.
Working with a healthcare professional is essential to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for your needs.
If you are experiencing sacroiliac joint dysfunction symptoms, seeking medical attention is crucial for early diagnosis and treatment. At NJ Spine & Orthopedic, our team of experts is dedicated to performing most procedures using minimally invasive techniques. Our Candidacy Verification tool allows you to determine whether you qualify for our minimally invasive surgical options.
An experienced orthopedic specialist can provide a comprehensive evaluation and develop a personalized treatment plan to address your symptoms. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and take the first step toward improving your quality of life. You can also call us at (866) 553-0612 to schedule an appointment. We also offer a Concierge Team to help coordinate everything for you, making travel easier and helping you get the care you need.
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